OLD OPERATING THEATER, ST. THOMAS CHURCH, SOUTHWARK, LONDON

The Old Operating Theater in the garret of St. Thomas Church, London, was built in 1822 to pro- vide surgical facilities for the women's ward at St. Thomas Hospital. The high vaulted ceiling and skylight in the garret's roof ensured that the theater received ample light, making it easy for students to observe proceedings from the surrounding bleachers. Operating theaters of this sort, designed to optimize viewing, gained prominence in the nineteenth century.